Asuka・Nara period 飛鳥・奈良時代 ( Asuka and Nara jidai )
・Prince Shotoku became a regent for the Empress Suiko in 593.
・The Twelve Level Cap and Rank System was instituted in 603.
・The Seventeen-Article Constitution was instituted in 604.Horyu-ji Temple was founded in 607.
・The Taiho Code was instituted in 701.
(平安・鎌倉時代 Heian・Kamakura jidai )
・The capital city was moved from Nara to Kyoto in 794.
・The retired Emperor Goshirakawa started a cloister government in 1086.
・Minamoto no Yoritomo established the Kamakura shogunate.
・The Mongols attacked Japan in 1274 and again in 1281.
・The Kenmu Restoration was implemented by Emperor Godaigo in 1333.
Muromachi・civil war period
( 室町・戦国・安土桃山時代 ( Muromachi・Azuchi momoyama jidai )
・Ashikaga Takauji established the Muromachi shogunate in 1338.
・The Onin War started in 1467 and lasted for about 10 years.
・Christianity was introduced to Japan by Francis Xavier in 1549.
・Oda Nobunaga died in the Honno-ji Incident triggerd by Akechi Mitsuhide in 1582.
・Toyotomi Hideyoshi unified Japan in 1590.
・The Battle of Sekigahara occurred after the death of Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1600.
Edo period ( 江戸時代 Edo jidai )
・Tokugawa Ieyasu established the Edo shogunate in 1603.
・Japan became isolated from the world in 1641.
・US Navy Commodore Matthew Perry arrived in Uraga in 1853.
・Edo shogunate ended, the Emperor became the center of politics in 1867.
Meiji・Taisho period ( 明治・大正時代 Meiji・Taisho jidai )
・Meiji Restoration occured, and Edo was renamed Tokyo in 1868.
・The Constitution of the Empire of Japan was issued in 1889.
・Japan went to war with China in 1894 and Russia in 1914.
Showa period ( 昭和時代 Showa period )
・Japan attacked the United States at the Pearl Harbor in 1941, and this caused the Pacific War.
・In 1945, Atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and after that Japan surrendered and World War Ⅱ came to an end.
・The Constitution of Japan was issued in 1946, and went into effect in 1947.
・The Summer Olympic Games were held in Tokyo as the first games in Asia in 1964.
・Okinawa was returned to Japan from the United States in 1972.